It was my privilege to travel to the Philippines where I, together with other leaders, represented the American Baptist Churches of New Jersey and American Baptist Churches USA (ABCUSA) at a historic event for both Filipino Baptists and American Baptists. The occasion of my journey was to attend the 75th Anniversary Commemoration of the executions of 11 American Baptist missionaries at the hands of the Japanese Imperial Army in the Philippines during WWII. I also was honored to bring greetings on behalf of Rev. Dr. Lee B. Spitzer, ABCUSA General Secretary, who was also invited but couldn’t attend as he was recuperating from open heart surgery.
Most significantly, I came as a son of the Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches, and as a grandson of the pastor whose journey became intimately intertwined with the journeys of the Hopevale missionary martyrs.
Here is a very brief synopsis of this historic event.
The first American Baptist missionary, Eric Lund, arrived in the Philippines in May of 1900, only two years after Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States. By November of the same year, the first Baptist church in the Philippines was founded. The work of American Baptists among Filipinos flourished, raising up local leaders, founding schools and hospitals, so that by 1935 the Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches was organized.
On December 8, 1941, one day after it attacked Pearl Harbor, the Japanese Imperial Army invaded and occupied the Philippines as part of its grand strategy to dominate and rule the Pacific. The Philippines immediately became one of the battlegrounds between the USA and Japan. There were 21 commissioned American Baptist missionaries serving in the Philippines at that time, mostly in Iloilo City which served as the center of the mission work of American Baptists.
Sometime in April of 1942, 11 of these missionaries decided not to surrender but instead fled to the mountains in the northern province of Capiz, located several hours drive from Iloilo City in order to hide and wait out the war, believing it was going to be short-lived and that the Americans would prevail.
There was only one Baptist mission in the mountains during that time, the Katipunan Evangelical Church, a church plant founded by my grandfather to reach indigenous uplanders with the gospel. He did not know the American missionaries were coming. But when they arrived and indicated their purpose, he took them deep into the jungle to show them options where to hide. They chose a narrow valley between two hills covered by giant trees and thick forests near a river, about 6 miles from Katipunan Evangelical Church. They called their hideaway “Hopevale.” They built a beautiful chapel made of river rocks and wood from native trees and called it “The Cathedral in the Glen.”
There they lived in grass and bamboo huts on both sides of the slopes of the little valley and hid safely for 20 months, supported and protected by my grandfather and his congregation, until their location was disclosed by an American soldier who had been to Hopevale but was later captured and tortured by the Japanese army. The soldiers surrounded and cordoned off the valley, and executed the missionaries one by one on December 20, 1943. Their names were:
Jennie Clare Adams
James and Charma Covell
Dorothy Antoinette Dowell
Signe Amelia Erickson
Frederick and Ruth Violet Schacht Meyer
Francis and Gertrude Coombs Rose
Erle and Louise Cummings Rounds, and their 9-year old son, Erle Douglas
The Hopevale story of the courage and serenity with which they faced their deaths still profoundly inspires the spirituality of Filipino Baptists.
In commemorating the 75th Anniversary of their martyrdom, I have never seen all the affiliated institutions of the Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches – its universities, seminaries, Bible schools, hospitals, and ministers’ councils, and the national office – come together in a massive show of collaboration to commemorate this historic milestone. With the added participation of delegations from American Baptist International Ministries and the Japan Baptist Union, the living presence of Jesus Christ was truly glorified.
I was honored to be asked to preach at the opening worship service held at Central Philippine University in Iloilo City, founded by American Baptist missionaries in 1905 as an industrial school for orphan boys that nurtured my then orphaned grandfather until he graduated.
The Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches did not end this milestone with the commemoration events. Moving forward they resolved to do the following:
- To institutionalize the legacy of the Hopevale missionaries by designating a Hopevale Memorial Sunday every year.
- To build a Museum of Baptist History on the campus of CPU.
- They established a Hopevale Trust Fund designed to develop and protect the Hopevale site to accommodate future pilgrimages.
- They are proposing to make the history of Hopevale a required curriculum subject in high school and the seminary.
Perhaps this was the most unforgettable 7 days of my ministry career. And as I retire after the end of this month as the Interim Executive Minister of the American Baptist Churches of New Jersey, I cannot but be grateful to God – the Lord of the Journey – for weaving the conclusion of my professional ministry career, my final official act, in the land of my birth, in my spiritual home, paying tribute to the missionary legacy that gave the Baptist faith to my ancestors.
(ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED ON WWW.ABCNJ.NET IN DECEMEBER 2018)
The Hopevale Commemoration is a joint project of the ABCUSA Office of the General Secretary, American Baptist International Ministries, the American Baptist Historical Society and the Green Lake Conference Center. The 2019 Commemoration is powered in part by United Mission and a grant from the Lee and Lois Spitzer Endless Possibilities Charitable Fund in honor of the friendship between ABCUSA and the Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches.