Adoniram Judson (1788-1850) was the premier figure of his generation among Baptists in America. He was the first foreign missionary commissioned in the United States (by a Congregationalist/Presbyterian board) and he was the role model for scores of successors from many denominations. Upon his arrival in India in 1812, he and his spouse, Ann Hasseltine, became convinced of Baptist principles and so became the catalyst for Baptist missionary organization in America. In 1813 the Judsons moved to Burma, where they introduced the Christian faith. Though often ill and unjustly imprisoned, Adoniram produced a translation of the Bible and several major Burmese-English language books, as well as winning many to Christ. While he only returned to the States once before his death at sea in 1850, his letters and journal shaped early ideas of overseas missionary endeavour.
From Pilgrimage of Faith: An American Baptist Timeline of People, Places and Events (ABHS, 2001)